Pebrazo (Lactarius piperatus)
The pebrazo is a very small fungus, as its most common measure is a half inch in diameter, although in favorable conditions can reach double its size. The hat can reach 20 inches in diameter and the foot (although lengthy) do not exceed size of the hat. Its color is very pale, usually white, although it is sometimes beige. The outside-called mushroom-no hair, and the hat is very meaty though somewhat brittle. This fungus is found throughout the peninsula, is a very common fungus and comes in groups. Usually breeds in mountain forests where virtually no sunlight. It is found among all types of trees: conifers, planifolia, and so on.
FLOWERINGThe pebrazo-like all fungi, no flowers and hence can not speak flowering time. The basic vegetative fungi is composed of the mycelium, formed by a series of hebrillas that stretch under the ground and coming together at the foot of the mushroom itself, unlike the outside, lasts all year. The reproductive tract as is the mushroom. The lamellae are in the hat containing spores in this family are usually found arranged radially and are quite thin. The mushrooms appear in late spring or early summer, but rarely lasting until the autumn. It collects the fungus entirely during the summer months. Formerly kept in glass jars sealed to keep it. Today, however, is not widely used, so each time is collected in smaller amounts.
APPLICATIONSThis fungus was once used to fight diseases such as gonorrhea, but today was more effective replacement for antibiotics. Can not be considered an edible mushroom, as its latex has a spicy flavor that could cause irritation of the lining of the digestive system. However, it has been used as edible for a long time because macerated and preparing it properly can lose their harmful effects.
ADMINISTRATIONcooking. It makes 1 liter of water to boil and add a few mushrooms. With this firing clear the spicy flavor of the mushroom and prevent problems in the digestive system.
Gastronomy. It is usually prepared grilled, very slowly to prevent burning. It is adding oil gradually, the hat. These dishes are prepared once, but currently is not widely used because of its spicy flavor, so it is substituted by other more pleasant-tasting mushrooms.
HABITAT: In forests of leafy trees
FLOWERING: Appears in late spring and summer
PART USED: Mushroom whole
CATALAN: Pebrās, pebrassa
USESStrong antibiotic, Against gonorrhea Moderate.