A native of the Middle East, has been known since antiquity for both its properties as a condiment to serve in other cultures like Egyptian, Greek, Roman and Arabic.
The plant can reach up to 50 inches high and has a cylindrical stem curves and straight after flowering, their leaves have parallel veins and are thin and flat on the bottom, spring from a bulb underground (the traditional head garlic), which is the part that is used.
In very sensitive people can cause gastrointestinal discomfort, depending on the dose consumed, and in some cases even mild allergic reactions to skin irritation.
Flowering is in spring and summer, and harvest the bulb is made right at the start of it.
Planting of the bulbs is carried out in autumn.
Traditionally, garlic is presented in classic "strings", ie strands of leaves, the bulbs very ordered, stored in cool, well ventilated prolonged preservation.
Used as a diuretic, antiseptic, antifungal, hypotensive, hypocholesterolemic, antiateromatoso, antiplatelet and hypoglycemic.
It is also used in the prevention of thrombus.
In ancient times it was used as bacterial infections, cholera, diphtheria ..., and has been shown that can be used successfully to kill certain harmful species of the intestinal tract, without affecting at all the species necessary for its proper functioning.
Because it removes the essential oil through the respiratory system, also has soothing properties as well as antiseptic and expectorant. For this reason it has been popularly used in cases of tuberculosis, pulmonary gangrene, and pertussis.
Possesses qualities rubefaccientes applied by external means after being crushed.
Dyes. From 20 to 40 drops per day, spread over several shots.
Essence. 0.2 gram soft capsules or alcoholic or oily solutions, before two main meals.
Plant dry. From 0.4 grams to 1.5 grams daily in divided doses.
There are currently prepared in standardized tablets, double coated to prevent odors and thereby achieving a regulated and constant treatment. Very high doses can cause poisoning, vomiting, collapse and convulsions.
HABITAT: Central Asia
FLOWERING: Spring and summer
PART USED: Bulb
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