It belongs to the great family of grasses, consisting of over 2000 species.
Oats are mainly characterized by its size because when cultured under optimal conditions can reach one meter high. Its stem is hollow, with a few knots of those who leave the leaves, looking flat and very rough to the touch.
The ligule is a membrane located at the junction of the leaves with the stalk, which is sometimes used to accurately determine the species to which it belongs. For oats, the ligule is a very small, almost nonexistent.
Flowering occurs between June and August and harvesting takes place in summer.
The flowers are paired and assume a curved position toward the ground. You can differentiate the flower is at the top of which is below, since the latter often have an edge longer.
Fertilization grain is obtained, one for each flower, so as those displayed in pairs. The grain is enclosed in a shell.
Oats are considered as remineralizing, being used in healing process, to contain in its composition many minerals such as iron, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus ... Also can be used as a tonic because of its high content of vitamins A, B1, B2, PP and to a lesser extent, vitamin E and D.
It is further considered sedative, anxiolytic and even being employed as a hypnotic in cases of depression and insomnia.
It also acts as a diuretic, in treatment of hypertension, oliguria, renal stones and to eliminate edema.
Hypoglycaemic and is slightly laxative.
Used topically as an emollient, very often in processes where there is itching of any kind, since it reduces inflammation, and is used in boxes allergies, chicken pox, very sensitive skin ...
Tincture. 30 drops of tincture, 1:10 three times daily, between meals.
Fluid extract. Also called oat juice is used in ossification of 25 drops spread over three daily doses, diluted in some water. This dosage can be increased if necessary.
Decoction. It employs 15 grams of oat seeds, preferably unpeeled, adding to a liter of water to boil proceeds for thirty minutes.
For external use. As discussed above, their use in bathrooms or in colloidal preparation of soap for sensitive irritated skin and is very successful in alleviating the itch, its use is widespread at present, with a lot of soaps and gels bathing in the composition include oats.
FLOWERING: Spring and summer
PART USED: Seeds and leaves
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