Annual plant measuring 1 to 2 feet high, belonging to the cruciferous family, owes its peculiar name from the shape of its fruits, resembling the pouch worn by shepherds in certain regions. It is a plant that thrives in forests on the slopes of the roads, in the shade or sun and is found equally in all parts of the peninsula, from the sea to the mountain. It only requires that the land where it grows is not too dry.
The plant flowers nearly all year, if the soil is not too dry, in the lowlands usually bloom in late winter and spring. For harvesting the whole plant is taken and it is most important to get the stem numbered at the beginning of flowering and cut by hand, then is dried in thin layers, turning frequently and at a temperature below 40 grados CelsiusC.
The plant contains amine type hill, tyramine and histamine, also has flavonoids, and Tamino fumaric acid and an alkaloid: the bursina. The plant is recognized vasoconstrictor properties, hypertensive, hemostatic, diuretic and healing. It is mainly used to regulate menstrual flow, both in cases of excessive menstruation and when it is scarce and irregular uterine tonic is very good. For its hemostatic effect is also used to cut blood flow passages.
It is believed that its action is focused on a tonic and stimulating effect on central motor vessels, with a slight but continuous action. It is indicated in the following cases: varicose veins, hemorrhoids, hypotension, bleeding and wound healing. Due to its hypertensive effect is not recommended continued use, but should be prescribed as alternative treatments, it is advisable internal use for over ten days.
Tincture. Internal use. Macerated for a week was 30 g. Leaves in 100 g. Of diluted alcohol, then filter the liquid and kept in a vial with a dropper cap. It is very useful in cases of diarrhea and dysentery, which is recommended to take 20 drops every 5 hours.
Infusion. In a liter of boiling water poured 50 g. Leaves and 50 g. Another plant called mugwort, then allow to rest 20 minutes, filtered and sugar, drinking a cup of tea every hour. This will regulate heavy periods and painful.
For external use. It is applied directly on wounds juice of this plant as a wash or compress, thereby achieving a healing effect.
Pharmacy can be found in the plant and cut infusion, tincture and fluid extract, and other composite presentations.
HABITAT: Land mitrofilas
FLOWERING: Most of the year
PART USED: Whole plant
CASTILIAN: Pan y quesillo, quesillos
CATALAN: Basses de pastor, sarronests
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