The selago is not very large fern. It consists of several stems equally, something curved at the base but very straight and erect at the ends. The branches are shaped like hairpins and are completely covered with leaves. These leaves are long, thin, are not divided and have relatively smooth edges.
Like all ferns, reproduce by spores that are found in the sporangia.
This fern can be found regularly in the north of the peninsula, particularly in mountainous and high altitude, as the Cantabrian and Pyrenees mountain range. One grows in rocky areas and in thickets.
As a fern can not talk about flowering time, since it has no flowers. It reproduces by means of sporangia that arise both in the leaf base and in its upper surface. They mature throughout the summer. Of spores found in the sporangia born a plant that is not the selago, is cylindrical and it is located in male and female organs, when the fertilized female organ leads to a new plant-the selago.
The spores are collected part.
The stem and leaves contain a substance called selago selaginina alkaloid, very toxic, which is what makes this fern a poisonous plant.
The only thing this plant is used in medicine are its spores: they are composed of many substances among which are the esporopolenina, which is the substance that coats, sugar, citric acid, resin, palmitic acid, etc. Formerly used widely: applied externally to prevent sores and abrasions heal. Today has been replaced by a more sterile preparation: talcum powder.
Unless medical staff should never be used because it can cause serious problems. So, if ingested can cause diarrhea, vomiting, etc.. -all typical symptoms of poisoning, and even if the doses are too high can lead to death.
It is used as an insecticide for animals applied externally and is able to release any kind of parasites of cattle.
Never eaten the plant for its extreme toxicity.
cooking. It puts water on to boil and add a handful of the plant. Used with animals, provided externally.
Powder. The plant is shaken slightly when the sporangia are open and can pick up the spores, forming a yellowish powder. This preparation is applied externally to cure skin problems.
HABITAT: Rocky places in the Pyrenees
FLOWERING: Mature summer sporangia
PART USED: Spores
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