The wild thyme is a perennial creeping lower stem and opposite leaves linear. Belonging to the Lamiaceae family, at first glance not easy to distinguish from the screw, particularly in Spain where the variety of thyme and wild thyme is great. It is a plant spontaneously in grassland vegetation and arid mountains. In Spain it is not hard to find, from the Pyrenees to the Sierra Nevada. It is also grown in pots, terraces and gardens as an ornamental plant aromatic.
The wild thyme blooms in May and continue blooming all summer in some locations, the flowering stems are harvested in full bloom and are dried in the shade no more than 35 grados CelsiusC. Once stored dry in sealed containers and if possible without mixing with other plants.
The essence of wild thyme, colorless or slightly yellow, consists of Cimol, thymol, carvacrol and other phenols is not well identified. In addition to the core, is a plant rich in tannic substances, bitter principles, flavonoids, resins, etc.. The uses that have been given this aromatic plant are similar to thyme, wild thyme, although the effects of more mild. Thymol and carvacrol, with significant bactericidal activities, impart the essence properties balsamic, expectorant, stimulating appetite, carminative and antiseptic, both internal and external use. It has bitter principles that reinforce the power of wild thyme appetizer. Thanks to the flavonoids and phenolic acids also has diuretic properties, and phlebotonics veinotonic.
Because of its composition are indicated for respiratory tract diseases: colds, flu, sinusitis, pharyngitis, and cough; in digestive disorders such as anorexia, gastrointestinal spasms, and urinary tract disorders. Externally it is used in wounds and skin conditions and is common to use the plant in antirheumatic baths and muscle relaxants. As always, we must caution against any abuse of the essence, sobe particularly in children, which can irritate the mucosa or produce a picture of allergy.
Bath tonic. Boiled in four liters of water a good handful of fresh leaves, is quenched, strained and squeeze the leaves to extract all the humor. Pour in the tub and add hot water necessarily. This is achieved by relaxing and invigorating bath.
Infusion. Ready for dessert with a teaspoon per cup. Allow to infuse at least 3 cups a day, before or after meals.
Gargling. He poured a few drops of oil of thyme in a cup of warm water and gargling and rinsing are performed.
Steamship wild thyme. With the leaves and a few drops of essence of the plant is heated to boiling. These fumes are applied in areas affected by gout and lumbago.
The plant can also be applied as ointments or liniments, as a lever, in rheumatic or applied to the chest to treat respiratory ailments.
HABITAT: Mountain Country
PART USED: Flowering stalk
CASTILIAN: Serpilo, hierba luna
CATALAN: Serfull, timó negre
BASQUE: Txerpol, erle-bedarr, elharr
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