The name includes a number of wheat varieties and related species, all under the genus Triticum. Generally they are described as steep annual plants that grow one meter or so tall and the leaf base dilated on both sides. The floral bouquet is formed by a more or less dense spike may be short or long, depending on the species.
Wheat is grown throughout the world. It is believed that the first species of this plant came from Asia Minor and other Southeast Asian countries.
Given the huge amount of existing species can not speak of a particular time of flowering: it varies according to climate, geographical, etc.. But in general we can say that blooms in spring and summer. Harvesting of fruit is late spring or well into the summer. The cultivation of rice is so old that is lost in time and have been found remains of this precious plant belonging to the Paleolithic.
To say that the wheat has saved more lives than penicillin to say the least, if we consider the large number of people who have survived famines almost exclusively derived from consuming this nutritious cereal. For this reason alone deserves to be in a treatise on medicinal plants.
From its composition can say that almost everything in it is starch (over 70%) plus 15% of protein substances and almost 2% fat. It also has a bit of pulp and water. Among the protein substances, the best known is gluten, a protein that facilitates the formation of bread. The "Triticum vulgare" in our country goes almost exclusively to the manufacture of bread, taste good and be easy to digest. It is recommended to take the bread, without removing the bran, which is the husk that covers the grain, thereby achieving a laxative effect, plus the many other virtues that are attributed to the saved, including a fairly unknown as is their job against persistent fevers and heavy. Therefore, wheat is considered as an excellent nutrient, and if swallowed whole, ie without removing the bran-are added then laxative and febrifuge.
The wheat is usually consumed as bread. In the market there are hundreds of loaves-integrated, refined, etc. made from wheat. Furthermore, the bran can also be purchased separately, with the best fiber is known at present. Also the grain of wheat without baking (called semolina) is highly recommended for convalescents, in the form of soups or whatever you want to take.
HABITAT: Asia Minor
FLOWERING: Spring and summer
PART USED: Fruit
CATALAN: Blat, forment
BASQUE: Adun, gari
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