Saffron is a herbaceous, bulbous, the family of Iridaceae. It has long leaves, green and linear, growing in tufts.
It is native to East, which has been grown as a species forever perfumed, dye and medicinal plant. In Spain, however, grows less and less because of its high market price, which has favored the use of other cheaper dyes and equal use. Only in the region of La Mancha saffron is grown here, and in many villages in the area ritual is done, since they include significant amounts of this plant in the dowry of the girls.
The saffron flowering occurs in late summer and early fall. The collection varies depending on the climate of the locality, but is usually done from mid-September through November. The reason for the high price is that to obtain one kilogram of saffron requires approximately a hundred thousand flowers and harvesting also be done by hand by skilled personnel. Saffron is actually the stigma of the flower of the same name, once you get it must be preserved in glass jars airtight, since humidity spoils, nor should you give birth.
The stigma of the crocus are many substances, among which include some alkaloids such as crocin, which is responsible for its coloring power, also appears essential oil and pollen found traces of flavonoids.
Saffron has been used since ancient times for its many virtues, many of which remain valid today, although we should not forget that employee can be toxic in large doses. Thus, it is known to be abortifacient (in ancient times as many women use abortion bad, because not only did the death of the fetus but also in many cases the mother) and cause heavy bleeding. The dose can cause death in adults is estimated at 10-12 deg. Of all the virtues ascribed to it, which remain today are those relating to substance that is a good aperitif and a good stomach tonic. The crocin, meanwhile, are attributed to lipid-lowering properties. Therefore, it is recommended in cases of poor appetite, fatigue, bloating, amenorrhea, gingivitis and sore dentinción.
To exploit all these properties is sufficient to use as a condiment. Additionally, this plant provides a palatable and attractive color to many dishes.
Infusion. 2 g are used. Saffron per liter of water. This infusion can take up to 3 cups a day.
Powder. With careful not to exceed the dose prescribed by the doctor. This is often used as a carminative and to accelerate menstruation.
Tincture. In tincture form, directly rub the gums, soothing and teething pains.
HABITAT: Ciudad Real, Cuenca, Albacete and Teruel
FLOWERING: Summer and autumn
PART USED: Stigmata
CATALAN: Safranera, safrá
BASQUE: Azafrí, hupa
Fort Carminative, Appetizer Moderate, Hypolipidemic Leve.
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