The nail is a tree belonging to the family Myrtaceae, which is characterized by regular flowers with five petals and numerous stamens, and the rudiment of the fruit which is situated below the flower and not in her womb so that when one reaches full maturity, the calyx, which often persists-the crown.
One grows in the valleys, hills and slopes around the Mediterranean coast, with greater profusion in moist and rich in elements. As a plant widely used in culinary arts is not hard to find anywhere, and packed and ready for use.
It blooms from mid June to early August. Interesting collection of flower buds, which are collected just before flowering. This family is particularly rich in essences, which should be collected in a special way and store them in tight places.
The nail contains much essential oil rich in eugenol, acetyl eugenol, caryophyllene, pinene, caryophyllin and methyl salicylate. It also has tannins, mucilage and other compounds of lower clinical application.
The essence gives properties strongly antiseptic, carminative, stimulating the appetite and digestion, and local level, healing and pain relief. Thus is indicated problems anorexia, flatulent dyspepsia, bronchitis, wounds, skin ulcers, stomatitis, tonsillitis and otitis.
As a precaution to keep in mind it must be remembered that this is an essence and therefore has an irritating action on mucous membranes. You can also exercise some exciting action on the central nervous system.
Infusion for internal use. With 10 g. Per liter of water make an infusion of which can take up to three cups a day, both before and after meals. If taken before exerts a aperitif and if taken after exercise eupeptic action.
Essence. They are administered one to three drops three times daily, applied on a sugar cube or in oily solution.
Tincture. 10 to 30 drops per day, preferably before meals.
Infusion external use. 2% is used, applied as washes, rinses or gargles.
Essence. Can also be used externally. This will imbibe few drops of the essence in gauze and applied directly on the teeth.
In the market there is marketed as both the essence hydroglycolic plant extract and properly dried plant.
HABITAT: Hot countries
PART USED: Bud
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