Cumin belongs to the Umbelliferae family, group of plants very distinctive and easily recognizable by the typical arrangement of their umbel-shaped flowers, that is, as if it were an inverted umbrella, in which all the floral peduncles bind to the stem by the same point. This family comprises about 2,500 species, mostly grasses, annuals or perennials, some of the city.
It is an annual, low growth, with leaves divided into slender segments. The flowers are white or pink and are grouped in umbels of little radio. The fruit is elongated, more or less flattened at their ends, like a rugby ball from 5 to 7 millimeters long by 1.5 thick. It is in the fruit where the active ingredients.
The flower sale from June and the fruits ripen in summer.
Cumin is always used as a condiment that gives a delicious flavor to many dishes. A few chefs who can boast to be if this plant does not have among its seasonings firsthand. But in addition to its culinary properties, has many therapeutic uses. The fruit is an essence, as they came from the plant, can vary between 1.9 and 4% of wealth. This essence has an active ingredient, the Cuminal, which are attributed all the virtues we now see; snacks properties excite the stomach, which is very useful for people with appetite problems, and also, to exalt peristalsis, has carminative properties. To a lesser degree was also conferred the following properties: spasmolytic, diuretic, emmenagogue and slightly sedative. In short, is especially useful in problems of poor appetite, slow digestion, gastrointestinal spasms, lactation, menstrual problems and intestinal parasites.
It is recommended to use the essence with caution to avoid possible toxic effects.
Decoction. One teaspoon per cup, boil 5 minutes and set aside. We recommend drinking 3 cups a day after meals.
Powder. In powder or encapsulated, it can take up to 2g. A day after 2 meals.
Liquor stomach. Alone or in combination with other fruits of Umbelliferae, better have a drink after dinner.
Essence of cumin. The essence needs to be used with caution.
Usually the dose does not exceed 2 to 4 drops, 3 times a day.
Infusion. Can be found in bags, ready to prepare tea. From 1 to 3 infusions per day.
Pharmacy can be found in simple presentations of the plant in essence, dust, plant cut, etc.. And also is associated with other plants.
HABITAT: Turkestan Region
PART USED: The fruit
CASTILIAN: Comino hortense
CATALAN: Comí castellá
BASQUE: Komino, Uzta-belarr
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