Plant annual development, after which it dies. In their life cycle, to reach maturity, reaches a height of seven inches. Their development usually occurs on roadsides, dumps and generally uncultivated land. The stem, angular section presents ramifications that start at the bottom and continue to the apex. In the bottom has reddish tones.
The leaves are dull green in color, which in certain areas is almost white. Present a plethora of divisions with line segments.
It blooms in the spring, when they give rise to bunches of flowers, each quite small, they are less than one centimeter long and fairly narrow, usually have a burgundy color. They have four petals are not distinguishable either because they seem to be welded together, forming a single unit. Each flower is attached to the stem by a small stalk. After maturing a fruit is formed within which there is a single seed that will be responsible for the birth of a new plant next year.
The collecting part is the flowering plant and is carried out at the beginning of flowering, between April and June, subsequently to a rapid drying in the shade to preserve color and flowers.
It has fumaric acid and phenolic acids such as caffeic and protocatechuic. Derivatives also contain flavonoids that give action quercetol spasmolytic, choleretic and colagoga, as used in biliary dyskinesias, cholecystitis, cholelithiasis, cirrhosis, hyperlipidemia and processes that occur with arteriosclerosis. They also have alkaloids, among which is also called the protopine-conferred fumarin-action antihistamine, asthma, inflammatory and antiserotonínica.
We can also find potassium salts that give action as a diuretic and cleanser. There has been a cardiotonic and antiarrhythmic activity, so its use in hypertension, oliguria, and edema urolithiasis is also appropriate.
Its bitter taste is due to the presence of tannins, making it difficult to remove.
Fresh plant juice. Forty grams that can be administered three times daily before main meals.
Infusion. Forty grams infused over fifteen minutes in one liter of water and may take two or three cups a day, before meals.
Fluid extract. Fifteen drops in half glass of water before the two main meals.
Powder. Seven grams of dried plant that is spread throughout the day in divided doses. There are tablets on the market containing about four hundred milligrams of the dry nebulizer, you can take five tablets each day.
Powder for external use. Infusions are prepared sumidad florida, cut and dried, and applied on eczema and in compresses twice a day.
HABITAT: Uncultivated fields and places
FLOWERING: March and spring
PART USED: Flowering plant
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