Grass-dwells as the people understand the field-including a diverse set of strains related to each other which differ by several characteristics that change slightly. They are usually annual herb, stem more or less hairy hairless. The leaves are arranged in a scattered along the stem and branches, its shape is ovate, with margins sinuous or with wide teeth, hairless and are supported by a very long corner. The flowers are a common steel bar that starts in the middle of an internode. The fruits are berries the size of a pea, usually black.
One grows in orchards and other farmland.
Flowers in spring, extending the flowering well into autumn. Harvesting for medicinal interest stems, leaves and fruit. Once collected are dried in the shade or drying, at temperatures not too high, since it could alter the active ingredients.
As active principle of the nightshade has called solanine glycoalkaloids found a contained in similar proportions in both the stem and the fruit and leaves, although it seems that in the mature fruit no traces of this alkaloid. Unlike other similar, no toxicity in relatively low doses, but can be dangerous in high doses, especially if they are administered internally.
In terms of their properties, it seems proved that has a significant analgesic and sedative activity, apparently exerts these actions on sensory motor terminal boards, being of great value in clinical practice. It also acts effectively in painful stomach, with an efficacy equal or superior to other known drugs. The content of the nightshade in solanine is not very high and also after drying it loses some of its properties, but in the plant juice can be found sufficient to produce the sedative effects described above.
Juice of the plant. The plant juice arrival at full maturity is taken directly. Should not exceed the amount of 30 g. Per day.
For external use. Externally using the decoction of the leaves against vulvar itching and hemorrhoids, in applications of abscesses, arthritis and bruises.
HABITAT: All Spain
FLOWERING: Spring and summer to
PART USED: Stems, leaves and fruits
CASTILIAN: Tomatillos del diablo
CATALAN: Morella vera
BASQUE: Moreno belarr
GALICIAN: Herba das bagas
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