The mayorama or mejorama is a small bush of the family Labiatae, thin, thin and whitish due to the many white hairs that cover it completely. Its leaves are petiolate, oval and whitish flowers in terminal spikes meet densely crowded. The fruits consist of four achenes oval and smooth.
It breeds in certain Eastern countries such as Persia, from where is from, but not require great care, so it is not difficult to see in our Peninsula. For some time a part of the plants grown in the gardens, thanks to its pleasant aroma.
Flowers in summer and even earlier in some southern regions. Interesting collection of flowering tops, which are collected when the plant is about to bloom. The drying is done in the shade as quickly as possible. It is important to only cut the tops of the stalks, which are quick to produce new shoots, harvesting can be repeated up to three times a year.
Stems and leaves contain substances mayorama tannic and bitter principles, as well as various minerals. But the most interesting product of this herb is the essence of mayorama, rich in terpineol, thymol, carvacrol and terpene hydrocarbons. In addition, the herb also find various phenolic acids as caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid and rosmarinic acid.
The essence gives the plant sedative, spasmolytic and hypotensive. It was also considered an excellent stomach tonic and carminative. A phenolic acids and flavonoids owes its bactericidal activity, urinary antiseptic and strengthening the hypotensive effect. All these make it particularly suitable as anxiety, hypertension, insomnia, gastrointestinal spasms and slow digestion. Can be used externally in rheumatism, sinusitis, herpes and wounds.
As always shown an essence, we must be cautious, but she, at high doses can cause stupor. In children and susceptible persons can irritate the mucous membranes or allergic reactions.
Infusion. You can make a little concentrated infusion to calm nervous excitement, or a stronger one to act as a stomach tonic and digestive flattering.
Essence. Always keeping the proper precautions, use a rate of 2-4 drops, 3 times a day.
Ointment. With 1 / 2 kg. Of melted lard, joins first mayorama essence, and some 100 gr. Dried plant, gently stir and let the water bath 30 minutes. The day after the operation is repeated and then stored in sealed opaque bottles to prevent fat rancidity. This ointment is used to relieve rheumatic pains.
It is an easy plant to find in many dosage forms, either alone or in composite presentations.
HABITAT: Persia and Eastern countries
PART USED: Sumidad florida
CASTILIAN: Amáraco, almoradux
CATALAN: Marduix, amárac
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