The palm is a tree belonging to the family of palms, covering over 1,000 species of trees, the palm is easy to distinguish as it is the only species that occurs by itself in our country and throughout Europe. If left to grow without human intervention can be several meters high, and his demeanor is very elegant. The leaves are divided into segments, so webbing, armed with spines Vulnerant tails. In this species there are male and female plants.
It breeds around the Mediterranean coast on slopes, hills and ravines dried, whether on cliffs. On the Atlantic coast is also possible to find some copies.
It blooms in spring, although the fruit gives a little later. Precisely harvesting for medicinal purposes interested in those small fruits called dates. Formerly also used the roots, but over time they fell into oblivion.
The composition of the palm is quite complex: dried leaves are an alcohol called quercita, the same type as that found in the oaks. In the bones of dates found a carbohydrate group in the morning and the roots are significant amounts of glucose, sucrose and starch. It does not contain glycosides and alkaloids.
The date-palm kernel or also known as "contains much material tannic, especially when not fully ripe. This makes composition is particularly suitable for combating all types of diarrhea and stomach flows, we recommend taking them as the only food for the duration of diarrhea, along with plenty of fluids to replenish the water balance. Also used as food, and thus part of the diet of many villages where few other nutrients.
The palm was not known to our ancient botanists, but once they found their properties achieved much popularity, so today is a very popular fruit but little used in our country.
Dates are consumed like any other fruit. This is a small dish which can be enjoyed as you like, remembering only that it is not good binge dates, it can cause constipation or, rather, a plug at the end of the digestive tract that could last several days.
The root is seldom used, so do not say anything worthwhile about administration. Just be added that in some places it is sold, duly prepared, as false sarsaparilla.
HABITAT: Mediterranean and Atlantic Coast
PART USED: Dátil
CASTILIAN: Palmitera, palma de palmitos
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