This plant, native to the New World and more specifically from Mexico, was one of many that with the discovery of America was introduced in the Peninsula today grows spontaneously in those rural lands that are rich in nitrogen, such as roadsides, rubbish and generally those in which one can appreciate the passage of man, for leaving products that decompose easily favors the formation of nitrogen, essential for the development of this plant. In the Iberian Peninsula is mainly in the coastal zone.
The flowers, very small, about a millimeter, appear between July and September.
They are arranged in a kind of rosary, from the junction between the leaves and stalk of the top of the plant, and can distinguish male and female flowers, the latter devoid of stamens, while men have about four stamens .
From its conception fruit yields a small, rounded and black.
The fruit, when it is still covered with floral cover, has in its outer part a large cluster formations with oil, used for distillation and obtaining the essence.
The leaves, especially those within the florida-sumidad have an aromatic flavor essences for the content, which may increase depending on the type of terrain and climate where the plant is located.
Its very essence is rich in a compound called ascaridol complex, belonging to the chemical group of terpene peroxides that-but gives an unpleasant smell, is the substance that gives this plant antivermífuga real action, with very good results in the treatment against roundworm and hookworm duodenal.
It also contains salicylic acid, methyl salicylate, camphor and safrole.
The amount of substance that has the plant is very low, with only 0.25% of the total weight of the flowers and leaves is made up essentially as for an amount that can be used in essence requires a large number of flowers and leaves.
The essential oil should not be used in folk medicine remedies because it is toxic and should be used only by prescription from a doctor who specializes in plants.
Infusion. He added four grams of sumidad florida half liter of boiled water and kept in touch during an interval of twelve minutes, after which he proceeds to filtering, the liquid is still hot is taken after meals as a stomach tonic. The infusion should be fresh to maintain their properties.
HABITAT: In the ways
FLOWERING: Summer and autumn
PART USED: Sumidad flowery essence of leaves
CATALAN: Te de Mèxic
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