The violet is a perennial plant or perennial that has no apparent stem, leaves spring from the same strain and held for long tails. They are big and a beautiful heart-shaped, flowers, purple and perfumed, also available on long stalks. It is a plant that is characterized by an intense perfume and a certain grace and elegance. Because it is traditionally grown as an ornamental in gardens, though the wild species, which is less striking, is the most fragrant and preferred by the pharmaceutical industry.
The plant flowers in late winter or early spring, between March and May. As for his collection, the flowering tops and leaves are harvested in March and April, while the rhizomes are left until winter, when more active ingredients are loaded. Once collected, are dried in thin layers in ventilated and shaded place.
The violet flowers are rich in mucilage, have traces of substance, small amounts of salicylic acid and other compounds like violamina. In addition we find the root as odoratina alkaloids, saponins and various organic acids. It has been used mainly to soften the cough and liquefy secretions in the airways, ie to facilitate expectoration. The flower mucilage possesses demulcent, antitussive and anti-inflammatory. Meanwhile, salicylic acid known properties as an analgesic and antipyretic, by containing the root saponins also been used to induce vomiting, and finally the root alkaloids exert a hypotensive action. The precaution to be taken into account in relation to this plant is that in large doses, mainly serves to induce vomiting, so it is unreasonable to abuse. Your fresh flowers are used for the extraction of a scented essential oil that is used worldwide, is one of the nicest scents out there, used even in many of the delicious treats that all children have eaten.
Decoction. Boiled in 300 g water 5 g of roots, when the liquid is reduced to one third, is sweetened with honey or sugar and drink quickly. Excellent for colds and coughs.
Syrup. 100 g of fresh flowers in a quart of boiling water after 12 hours the liquid is strained, squeezing or flowers, and add 2 kilos of sugar. Filtered after 2 or 3 days and saved. The recommended dose is one tablespoon of syrup every two hours.
Poultice. To remove bumps and bruises caused by blows a poultice prepared with fresh leaves boiled in little water, to apply hot on the hurt.
Perfume of violets in a home course. This removes the stems of fresh flowers and dry up quickly in the shade, is poured onto a hot metal plate some fine table salt, when dried, mixed with flower petals. All this is kept in a flask with ground stopper. Thus we get the scent of violets, for multiple uses.
HABITAT: Forest fresh
PART USED: Flowers and roots
CATALAN: Viola boscana
Fort Expectorant, Balsamic Moderate, Moderate hypotensive.
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