The yezgo is a great herb that can reach up to 2 meters in height if ground conditions are favorable. It has a hard stem, opposing leaves with multiple, large, serrated edges, on top of the stem are formed compound umbels of white or red flowers. The fruit is very juicy berry, rounded, with few seeds inside. It is an herb that grows on good irrigated land, preferably in soils rich in lime or clay. In Spain is a large part of the peninsula.
The grass flowers from June, fruits ripen around August. Interested harvest almost all the plant, but preferably are collected leaves and roots, once torn from the plant are dried outdoors or in drier at a temperature below 50 grados CelsiusC. In the process of drying the plant usually lose some flavor, but still retains its bitter taste.
In the leaves of a glycoside called yezgo find sambunigrina which is also found in other plant species called elder. Also appears essence, tannins and various organic acids. The bitter principle is not determined. Glycoside can be found in the roots, which are rich in tannins, saponins and bitter principle. The fruit appears similar in composition to the root.
Because of its composition is a plant is diuretic and laxative sudorific. The root can act as an emetic and purgative. This plant is recommended to take in all types of influenza processes in which increased sweating can do to improve the patient's condition. Also be taken to treat constipation, but as a purgative may be a bit drastic, so you have to manage well the dose. Also be aware of any cases of poisoning after consumption of fruits, so it should not be spent on the dose and to adhere strictly as recommended by your doctor.
The yezgo, along with the elder, is known for a long time, both very popular-especially-yezgo for their properties to alleviate pain and reduce swelling. In the villages used the yezgo very peculiar to kill flies and mosquitoes apparently hung bunches of this plant attract insects, so that they are held there, also make a decoction of the plant after spraying her houses and walls, which eliminates all types of insects.
Infusion. For diseases of the airways. Boil 10 gr. Dried flowers in 1 liter of water. You can take a small cup every 2-3 hours. If what you want to sweat more, repeating the dose every 20 minutes, until it breaks a sweat.
Poultice. To heal sores and wounds. With the same infusion above, is applied locally-soaked towels.
cooking. If the plant is cooked lower their laxative properties and thus the effect is milder.
HABITAT: Limestone and clay soils
PART USED: Flowers
CASTILIAN: Ebulo, sauquillo
CATALAN: Ébul, saüc pudet
BASQUE: Zauka-zirí, mausa
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